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Ecosistemas y recursos agropecuarios

versión On-line ISSN 2007-901Xversión impresa ISSN 2007-9028

Resumen

GONZALEZ-ARCIA, Melvin Noel et al. Nitrogen balance of bullocks fed Cratylia argentea and Brachiaria arrecta Hay. Ecosistemas y recur. agropecuarios [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.15, pp.523-536. ISSN 2007-901X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a5n15.1491.

Four experimental diets or treatments formed with incremental proportions of the foliage of tropical shrub legume Cratylia argentea and decremental proportions of Tanner grass (Brachiaria arrecta) hay: T1, 0:100; T2, 15:85; T3, 30:70; and T4, 45:55 were evaluated using four Holstein-Zebu bullocks (214.5 ± 9.3 kg) confined in individual pens, under a balanced 4x4 latin square design. The crude protein (CP, %) content of C. argentea was 19.3 ± 6%, and in the grass was 6.2 ± 3%. The intake of DM increased as the C. argentea level in the diet increased. Blood urea-N (BUN) showed a linear increase from T1 to T4, observing its highest concentration at feeding time and six-hours after in T4: 12.00 and 14.75 mg dL-1, respectively. Purine derivatives (uric acid and allantoin) were not affected by treatments (p > 0.05). The increase of the legume in the diet improved the DM intake and digestibility, and led to N-balance from negative in T1 and T2, to positive in T3 and T4. The legume proportion in a basal diet of the grass B. arrecta must be 30% at least.

Palabras llave : Intake and digestibility; dry matter; blood urea nitrogen; Holstein-Zebu steers.

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