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Ecosistemas y recursos agropecuarios

versión On-line ISSN 2007-901Xversión impresa ISSN 2007-9028

Resumen

SILVA-APARICIO, Marisa; CASTRO-RAMIREZ, Adriana E.  y  PERALES-RIVERA, Hugo R.. Voluntary conservaron areas and firewood extraction in agrarian centers of Oaxaca. Ecosistemas y recur. agropecuarios [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.15, pp.435-449. ISSN 2007-901X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a5n15.1743.

The main fuel in rural areas of various Mexican States is firewood. The aim of this research was to analyze the effect of the certification of Areas Voluntarily Destined for Conservation (AVDC) on firewood extraction from Common Use Areas (CUA) in three agrarian centers of Oaxaca. Semi-structured open interviews and surveys were randomly conducted with ejidatarios and community leaders of San Pedro Huamelula, Unión Zapata and San Marcos Arteaga in Oaxaca, as well as with the regional directors of CONANP. Systematic samplings of the woody species in the AVDC and CUA of the three sites were also carried out, and their relative importance value (RIV) was estimated. The number of species used for firewood was between 14 and 26, corresponding to 15% of the species recorded in the samplings, with gatherers preferring those of secondary vegetation. Although access and use of plant resources is limited in the AVDC, which reduces the area from which firewood is extracted, it did not mean over-exploiting CUA resources.

Palabras llave : Common use areas; woody species; social property; preference; Relative Importance Value.

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