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Ecosistemas y recursos agropecuarios

versión On-line ISSN 2007-901Xversión impresa ISSN 2007-9028

Resumen

PINEDO-TACO, Rember; GOMEZ-PANDO, Luz  y  JULCA-OTINIANO, Alberto. Sustainability of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) production Systems. Ecosistemas y recur. agropecuarios [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.15, pp.399-409. ISSN 2007-901X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a5n15.1734.

In recent years, high prices and increased demand from the domestic and international markets have led to an increase in the quinoa-growing area and the introduction of technologies with external inputs that increased yields and resulted in changes in the cropping system. The objective of this study was to evalúate the levels of economic, environmental and social sustainability of the quinoa production Systems. Surveys were applied to 92 quinoa producers, standardizing the responses by transforming them to a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the highest sustainability valué and 1 being the lowest. Four production Systems were identified, with the Systems having sustainability being the organic, mixed and conventional ones, with a sustainability Índex equal to or greater than the average valué of the scale. The traditional production system did not reach the mínimum threshold of 3 in the economic dimensión, so it was categorized as non-sustainable by the multidimensional analysis. In order to determine internal consistency, the Múltiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) factorial method was used, with Cronbach’s alpha valúes of 0.814 and 0.797 that confer reliability to the analysis.

Palabras llave : Multidimensional analysis; indicator; sustainability index; sustainable production.

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