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Ecosistemas y recursos agropecuarios

versión On-line ISSN 2007-901Xversión impresa ISSN 2007-9028

Resumen

MAGANA-CARRASCO, Antonio; BRITO-MANZANO, Nancy; GOMEZ-VAZQUEZ, Armando  y  CRUZ HERNANDEZ, Aldenamar. Effects of temperature and salinity on inducing spawning in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) under laboratory conditions. Ecosistemas y recur. agropecuarios [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.14, pp.239-246. ISSN 2007-901X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a5nl4.1236.

The effectiveness of two stimuli (thermal and salinity shock) in inducing spawning in the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica was tested under laboratory conditions. Organisms were obtained in Machona Lagoon, located in Sánchez Magallanes, Tabasco. Temperatures used were 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 °C and the salinities were 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 psu. The objective of this work was to determine the effects of salinity and thermal shock on spawning of C. virginica oyster. The best spawning results were obtained by using salinity shock, which induced spawning in 55% of the oysters tested, with the number of males that spawned being significantly higher than that of the females. Thermal shock was less effective with only 34% of organisms spawning and, unlike the salinity results, the number of females was higher than that of males. Temperatures of 30 oC or greater had a negative effect on spawning and was similar at a salinity of 30 psu. The optimum time for spawning was between 11 and 15 min of exposure to salinity shock, whilst for thermal shock it was between 16 and 20 min.

Palabras llave : Induction; spawning; oyster; Crassostrea virginica; Machona lagoon.

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