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Ecosistemas y recursos agropecuarios

versão On-line ISSN 2007-901Xversão impressa ISSN 2007-9028

Resumo

MUSALEM-CASTILLEJOS, Karim et al. Water quality of the Grijalva river on the Chiapas - Tabasco border. Ecosistemas y recur. agropecuarios [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.13, pp.55-64. ISSN 2007-901X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a5n13.1334.

The objective was to characterize the water quality in a section of the Grijalva River and in some of its tributaries on the border between the States of Chiapas and Tabasco, in the rainy and dry seasons. Twenty-three physical, chemical and microbiological parameters as well as contaminants were determined. The values obtained were compared with the maximum permissible limits (MPLs) for water use and human consumption set out in Official Mexican standard NOM-127-SSA1-1994, and with the water quality classification scale of the Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA). The water quality in the studied section of the Grijalva River decreases as it descends to more populated areas of the State of Tabasco. Water turbidity and E. coli coliform levels increase, both in the river channels and in sources destined for human consumption. For the other variables evaluated, there are acceptable water quality characteristics, mainly in the dry season, except for mercury, which occurs at levels higher than those recommended. Further studies on the presence of mercury in the Grijalva River basin are recommended.

Palavras-chave : coliforms; Escherichia; mercury; heavy metals; turbidity.

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