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Ecosistemas y recursos agropecuarios

versión On-line ISSN 2007-901Xversión impresa ISSN 2007-9028

Resumen

PEREZ-LOPEZ, Ricardo I et al. Diversity of edible wild mushrooms of the hill El Pinal, municipality of Acajete, Puebla, Mexico. Ecosistemas y recur. agropecuarios [online]. 2015, vol.2, n.6, pp.277-289. ISSN 2007-901X.

The Puebla state is rich in fungal biodiversity, however studies are needed to determine its magnitude of. This research aimed to conduct a richness study of edible wild mushrooms of the hill "El Pinal" in the municipality of Acajete, Puebla. There were collected 86 specimens of macrofungi during the months of June to October in 2013, it identified 25 species belonging to 2 classes, 8 orders, 17 families and 19 genera. Of the 25 species found, 19 belong to Basidiomycetes and 6 belong to Ascomycetes. The proportion of families shows first to Ramariaceae and Tricholo-mataceae, both with 16 %, followed by Amanitaceae and Cantharellaceae with 11 %; these four families contain 54 % of all species found to Basidiomycetes, while for Ascomycetes, best represented family was Helvellaceae with 50 % of all species. The Species richness was analyzed under five estimators: ICE, Chao2, Jackl, Jack2 and Bootstrap, which indicate a greater inventory of 90 %. The species accumulation curve reached an asymptote, demonstrating that sampling was sufficient to determine the biodiversity of edible wild mushrooms of the hill "El Pinal". All species identified in this research are gastronomic value but this information can only be complemented by studies on the use and management practices of this non-timber forest resource.

Palabras llave : Achievement; oak forest; macromycetes; species richness; taxonomy.

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