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versión On-line ISSN 2007-7858versión impresa ISSN 2007-7521


RODRIGUEZ-CASTRO, Jorge Homero; OLMEDA-DE-LA-FUENTE, Sandra Edith; CORREA-SANDOVAL, Alfonso  y  VENEGAS-BARRERA, Crystian Sadiel. Estimation of maximum sustainable yield of the shark resource from Mexico. CienciaUAT [online]. 2020, vol.15, n.1, pp.6-23.  Epub 22-Dic-2020. ISSN 2007-7858.

In Mexico, shark catch ranks 10th place out of the 22 most representative fisheries in the country, with an estimated annual average number of 29 772 T and an economic income of approximately MXN 437 million. The maximum sustainable yield (MSY), which means the maximum catch that can be obtained without the depletion of the fishing resource at any given time is one of the main points of reference in the evaluation of fisheries. In this study, the MSY of sharks in Mexico was estimated for 26 coastal areas (Mexico, Pacific ocean, gulf of Mexico, 6 regions of the NOM-029-PESC-2006 and 17 coastal States). Catch time series (CTS) were used in tons per year of reported catch (Rc) and total catch (Tc) (reported catch + non-reported catch) over the 1976 to 2014 period. In addition, empirical models that relate the maximum catch of the STM to the MSY were applied. There were no significant differences between the models applied. Based on the estimated Tc and MSY (T x 103) there is an over-exploitation of sharks in Mexico (Tc = 51 417, MSY = 29 040), in the Pacific ocean (Tc = 38 654, MSY = 20 840) and in the gulf of Mexico (Tc = 15 737, MSY = 14 540); in Regions 2 (gulf of California) (Tc = 22 664, MSY = 14 330) and 5 (coastal line of Tamaulipas, Veracruz and Tabasco) (Tc = 9 202, MSY = 8 510) and on the coast of the States of Baja California (Tc = 5 781, MSY = 4 880) and Baja California Sur (Tc = 5 950, MSY = 5 510). It is recommended to urgently address the problem of using this fishery resource in the Mexican Republic.

Palabras llave : sharks; elasmobranchs; maximum-catch; data poor fisheries; data limited fisheries.

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