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Cuadernos de Lingüística de El Colegio de México

versão On-line ISSN 2007-736X

Resumo

ZACARIAS PONCE DE LEON, Ramón Felipe. Types of metonymic predications in the nominal compounding in the Spanish of Mexico. Cuad. Lingüíst. Col. Méx. [online]. 2018, vol.5, n.2, pp.159-220. ISSN 2007-736X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.24201/clecm.v5i2.117.

In this paper, we analyze the external predications developed by some compound words in Spanish, commonly known as exocentric (Scalise & Guevara, 2006; Bauer, 2008). The main interest in this investigation is to uncover the nature of external predications; the concept of metonymy is used to achieve this goal. Based on previous research (Janda, 2011, Gutiérrez Rubio, 2014, Zacarías Ponce de León, 2015), we consider that external predication is a consequence of the use of these words to denominate entities from one of their prominent parts. The aim of this research is to establish a relationship between the class of compound and the selected types of metonymy. For this purpose, novel compound words from corpus Morfolex (2016) were analyzed in detail and sort regarding the external entities related, to find the preferred metonymic predications. It has been possible to identify correlations between different compositional structures and the types of metonymy selected.

Palavras-chave : metonymic compounds; exocentricity; compound-metonymy correlations; word formation; cognitive grammar.

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