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Investigación en educación médica

versión On-line ISSN 2007-5057

Resumen

PARRA GAMEZ, Leticia; IBARRA RAMIREZ, Víctor Hugo; GONZALEZ RIOS, Jacquelina  y  GARCIA HIDALGO, A. Alejandro. The recognition of basic-clinical concepts using international anatomical terminology for medical training. Investigación educ. médica [online]. 2015, vol.4, n.15, pp.139-144. ISSN 2007-5057.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.riem.2014.11.002.

Introduction

The importance of knowledge and a command of anatomy in the training of medical students starts from the first year of university as surgeon physician; therefore, fostering the use of the international anatomical terminology (TAI) in the learning of this subject contributes to the integration of the knowledge that guarantees students will be able to fulfil the tasks and responsibilities of their professional practice (professional competencies), in addition to reinforcing their use and application throughout the clinical cycles.

Objective

To present the knowledge of TAI of basic-clinical concepts in two different years of medical student training.

Method

A questionnaire-like tool was developed that looked for the association of basic anatomical knowledge with the appropriate use of medical terminology. This tool uses the knowledge of the international anatomical language as differential criterion and compares the use of such language in two medical student (first year and clinical cycles) populations.

Results

It was found that there is a higher recognition of eponyms in both groups. Likewise, correct answers are more frequent among clinical cycle students, getting higher marks when assessed, than among first year students.

Conclusions

Anatomical knowledge in medical students is not obtained by studying the TAI, as there is a higher recognition of basic medical-clinical concepts of Anatomy that use eponyms, which conflicts with the main purpose of the academic program. It is considered that anatomical knowledge must facilitate the integration of the universal medical knowledge by the management and application of an international anatomical language coherent with both the current context of the syllabus and the graduate profile.

Palabras llave : Anatomy; Anatomical terminology; Basic science; Medical competencies; Clinical-basic knowledge.

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