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Intersticios sociales

versión On-line ISSN 2007-4964

Resumen

COVARRUBIAS VILLA, Francisco  y  CRUZ NAVARRO, Ma. Guadalupe. El estatuto epistemológico de los instrumentos científicos. Intersticios sociales [online]. 2016, n.12. ISSN 2007-4964.

The aim of this research is to identify the functions attributed to the scientific instruments in the processes of construction of knowledge in different theoretical rationalities. Four positions were identified: I) the instrument is a continuation of the senses provided that it extend his sensory capacity; II) it is a continuation of the theory assumed by the subject; III) it is a neutral mediator between the reason and the reals objects to construct scientific knowledge; IV) it is generator of structures and behaviors of the real. One concluded that the instrument fulfills a differential function depending of the filiation epistemological on the theories: accretive of the sensory capacity in theories of filiation Aristotelian, verified in Platonic theories and of producer of the observed in Kantian theories. The instrument plays a paper onto-epistemological in the processes of construction of scientific knowledge, since his creation obeys the cognitive requirements of a theory for to observe what it attributes to the real or for to generate the phenomenon conceived by the theory.

Palabras llave : Scientific instrument; theoretical rationality; the real; reason; episteme.

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