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Acta de investigación psicológica

versión On-line ISSN 2007-4719versión impresa ISSN 2007-4832

Resumen

LAMAS GONZALEZ, Beatriz; GORDILLO LEON, Fernando  y  PEREZ, Miguel Ángel. Facilitating Effect of the Congruent Verbal Context in the Recognition of Expressions of Disgust and Anger. Acta de investigación psicol [online]. 2018, vol.8, n.3, pp.36-42. ISSN 2007-4719.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/fpsi.20074719e.2018.3.04.

The facial expressions of emotion are stimuli with a high adaptive value, which attract attention as a priority. On the other hand, language could increase access to conceptual knowledge, facilitating the recognition of a facial expression congruent with verbal information. This effect of emotional priming has been shown to be consistent in different studies, but few have analyzed it taking into account facial expressions of disgust and anger. This will be the objective of the present investigation. 50 university students with ages between 18 and 34 participated. 10 words of disgust, 10 words of anger and 10 neutral words were used. We also used 30 facial expressions of disgust, anger and neutrality, obtained from the NimStimFace Stimulus Set database (Tottenham et al., 2009). The results showed a facilitating effect on the rate of success for both the expression of anger, and for the expression of disgust, when the prime was emotionally congruent. On the other hand, only facilitation was observed in the response times for the expression of anger when it was preceded by a congruent verbal prime. The results are discussed within the constructivist approach of emotion.

Palabras llave : Congruent; Emotion; Facial expression; Prime; Target.

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