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Acta de investigación psicológica

versión On-line ISSN 2007-4719versión impresa ISSN 2007-4832


SANCHEZ-XICOTENCATL, Carlos Omar; ANDRADE PALOS, Patricia; BETANCOURT OCAMPO, Diana  y  VITAL CEDILLO, Guadalupe. Scale of Resistance to Peer Pressure to Alcohol Consumption. Acta de investigación psicol [online]. 2013, vol.3, n.1, pp.917-929. ISSN 2007-4719.

In Mexico alcohol consumption has increased mainly in adolescents. It has been identified that the ability to resist peer pressure can be a factor that protects the young from alcohol, tobacco and drugs, although this does not have an instrument to assess the skill specifically for alcohol. The aim of this work was to design and validate a scale that assesses the ability to resist peer pressure specifically for alcohol in public high schools and college students from Mexico City, and assessed whether there were significant differences in the resistance level by gender and level of alcohol consumption. The sample was not random and consisted of 900 public high schools (38.6%) and college (61.4%) students of Mexico City (42.9% men and 57.1% women) with a average age was 15.6 years (sd = 2.5). Exploratory factor analysis yielded a single factor of six items with good level of reliability, afterwards was a confirmatory factor analysis in which the fit indices performed well and kept the six items. Women showed greater resistance to peer pressure than men and it was found that young people who have a deficit in the ability to resist peer pressure have higher levels of alcohol consumption so it is important to strengthen that skill in prevention programs.

Palabras llave : Scale; Resistance to peer pressure; Alcohol; Adolescents; Confirmatory factor analyses.

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