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Revista Chapingo serie ciencias forestales y del ambiente

On-line version ISSN 2007-4018Print version ISSN 2007-3828

Abstract

EVANGELISTA-LOZANO, Silvia; CRUZ-CASTILLO, Juan Guillermo; CLAUDIA-SERRANO, Verónica  and  JIMENEZ-APARICIO, Antonio. Vegetative propagation in the field of Jatropha curcas L. for human consumption. Rev. Chapingo ser. cienc. for. ambient [online]. 2018, vol.24, n.2, pp.161-169. ISSN 2007-4018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2017.07.047.

Introduction:

The seeds of Jatropha curcas L. are used for the elaboration of regional dishes. An easy method of propagation would be useful for producers who market or consume seeds of this species.

Objective:

Test a method of vegetative propagation of J. curcas, planted in the field, for human consumption.

Materials and methods:

The vegetative propagation was carried out in the spring with 55 cm-stakes, obtained from secondary and tertiary branches from 28 years old trees. The cuttings were planted 3 m away in a loamy clay loam soil with pH of 7.21, and 1.11 % organic matter. The growth was evaluated at 120 days. Total carbohydrates were determined by a colorimetric method, two months before and eight months after field establishment.

Results and discussion:

Cuttings of J. curcas secondary branches with exfoliating bark and diameter of 3.6 to 4.0 cm at the base, at the beginning of propagation, achieved greater height, number of branches and greater concentration of total carbohydrates before and after establishment. This vegetative material is recommended for the propagation of J. curcas in the field. The cuttings of tertiary branches with diameters of 1.6 to 1.9 cm had mortality of 17 %, reduced capacity to generate branches and lower concentration of carbohydrates.

Conclusions:

The propagation of J. curcas, by cuttings, was successful in the open field; it was not necessary to use a greenhouse, auxins for rooting or polyethylene bags, prior to establishment.

Keywords : open field propagation; cuttings; carbohydrates; cloning; new crops.

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