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Therya

versión On-line ISSN 2007-3364

Resumen

PEREZ-VALADEZ, Noé. Record of the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in the state of Zacatecas, Mexico. Therya [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.1, pp.99-101. ISSN 2007-3364.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12933/therya-18-547.

According to recent literature, Zacatecas is one of the States in Mexico whose mammal species are poorly studied. Matson and Baker (1986) stated that in southwestern Zacatecas mixture of subtropical valleys and adjacent highlands might be attractive to tropical felids such as the margay, jagouaroundi, and ocelot. In Mexico, the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is listed in the category of species endangered of extinction. In recent years, camera traps have recorded this species in northern-central States, in vegetation types that included pine-oak and oak-pine forests, but no confirmed records were previously available for the State of Zacatecas. In order to inventory the mammal species of Sierra de Nochistlan, Zacatecas, one camera trap was placed in a site where I observed animal tracks, for a period of three months, from May to August 2017. The local vegetation is an oak-pine forest. On 7 May 2017, one ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) was recorded in the oak-pine forest. Another mammal species recorded in the same site were the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), white-nosed coati (Nasua narica), gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), and puma (Puma concolor). The closest localities where the ocelot has been recorded are Calvillo, Aguascalientes, approximately 60 km to the northeast, and Bolaños, Jalisco, approximately 108 km to the southwest. This report of the ocelot at the Sierra de Nochistlan fills the gap of the known geographic distribution of the ocelot between Jalisco and Aguascalientes. Hunting and logging are two major threats for the Sierra de Nochistlan; hence the continued efforts to further develop the biodiversity inventories will contribute to the conservation of this site, which likely represents an important biological corridor.

Palabras llave : camera trapping; carnivores; Leopardus pardalis; ocelot; Zacatecas.

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