SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.8 número3Abundance, density and habitat use of lowland paca (Cuniculus paca, Rodentia: Cuniculidae) in the Lacandon Rainforest, Chiapas, MexicoDensity and activity pattern of Leopardus wiedii and Leopardus pardalis at Sierra Norte of Oaxaca, Mexico índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO



versão On-line ISSN 2007-3364


TETA, Pablo  e  CAMPO, Denise Heliana. Is Galea tixiensis Quintana, 2001 a synonym of G. leucoblephara Burmeister, 1861?. Therya [online]. 2017, vol.8, n.3, pp.209-216. ISSN 2007-3364.

The genus Galea (Rodentia, Caviidae) includes five living and two extinct species of terrestrial and herbivorous cavies that inhabit grasslands and rocky scrub areas at both high and low elevations in South America. Fossil samples from the late Pleistocene-Holocene from central-eastern Argentina have been referred to as Galea sp., G musteloides or G. cf. musteloidesand finally described as a new species under the name of G. tixiensis. However, recent studies based on large series of individuals fail to find qualitative morphological differences between G. leucoblephara and G. tixiensis. Based on these findings, in this contribution we reviewed the taxonomic status of the fossil species G. tixiensis. A total of 110 individuals of the three currently recognized subspecies of G. leucoblephara (i. e., G. l. demissa, G. l. leucoblephara and G. l. littoralis) from Argentina Bolivia and Paraguay were examined. Nine craniodental measurements were recorded. Quantitative data were subjected to a principal component analysis (PCA) in order to identify the contribution of each measurement to the total variance. Qualitative characters were evaluated through the comparisons of the diagnostic traits of G. tixiensis with the variability derived from the recent samples. PCA showed a high overlap of the multivariate spaces of the three subspecies studied, suggesting that they do not differ significantly in terms of cranial shape. The holotype of G. tixiensis was allocated within the morphospace of the recent G. l. littoralis samples. Qualitative traits diagnostic of G. tixiensis were also recorded in recent samples of G. leucoblephara, in particular of G. l. littoralis. Based on both qualitative and quantitative cranial traits, we suggest that G. tixiensis is a synonym of G. leucoblephara. The morphological traits supposedly unique to G. tixiensis were also recorded in specimens of living populations of G. l. littoralis. The large values of some quantitative cranial traits in fossil samples - compared to living ones - are reinterpreted here as an ecophenotypical response to the more severe climatic conditions of the Holocene.

Palavras-chave : Caviidae; Cavioidea; Caviomorpha; Galea leucoblephara littoralis; Hystricognathi.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )