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Therya

versión On-line ISSN 2007-3364

Resumen

TORRES-ROMERO, Erik Joaquín; ESPINOZA-MEDINILLA, Eduardo; LAZCANO-BARRERO, Marco A.  y  MAFFEI, Leonardo. Ecology and conservation of ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in Northern Quintana Roo, Mexico. Therya [online]. 2017, vol.8, n.1, pp.11-18. ISSN 2007-3364.  https://doi.org/10.12933/therya-17-439.

Ocelots are at risk of extinction due to anthropogenic pressures. Therefore, it is essential to generate information about this species in zones with climatic and anthropogenic pressures in order to determine appropriate measures for their conservation. Our goals were to determine population density, relative abundance, activity patterns and minimum observed home ranges of ocelots in northern Quintana Roo, Mexico. During 2008, we conducted systematic sampling for 60 days using camera-traps in Northern Quintana Roo, Mexico. The camera-trap grid covered an area of 81 km2 and included El Eden Ecological Reserve. We placed 27 camera-trap stations: 18 with a single camera and 9 with two. Camera-trap stations were spaced approximately 1 kilometer apart. Our total sampling effort was 2160 trap-days. We registered 12 individual ocelots: five males, six females, and one of undetermined sex. The density estimated using CAPTURE program was 14 ind/100 km2, while the density estimated for each sex separately was 7 ind/100 km2. We estimated a relative abundance index of 1.85 ± 0.27 in tropical forest, 1.11 ± 0.22 in secondary vegetation and 0.185 ± 0.09 in savannah. The ocelot was more active at night. The minimum observed home range of male ocelots was larger than that of females, 4.63 km2 and 1.80 km2 respectively. We presented some ecological data of ocelot in El Eden Ecological Reserve and its area of influence. These results constitute an important baseline to make a comparison in areas adjacent that have strong climatic and anthropic pressures. Finally, the area is one of the most important for the conservation of ocelot in México.

Palabras llave : Activity patterns; camera traps; conservation area; density; endangered species; home range; relative abundance; Yucatan Peninsula.

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