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Revista mexicana de ciencias forestales

versão impressa ISSN 2007-1132

Resumo

ZAMORA-MARTINEZ, Marisela Cristina et al. Geographic and ecological distribution of 13 species of wild edible mushrooms in Oaxaca. Rev. mex. de cienc. forestales [online]. 2014, vol.5, n.21, pp.76-93. ISSN 2007-1132.

Oaxaca is one of the riches states in Mexico, both culturally and for its biodiversity, so it is important to study and make an inventory of its biota. Its people have a rich tradition in the collection and/or consumption of various wild mushrooms, but in order to include them in forest management plans, it is necessary to know their ecological requirements and their biological characteristics as well as its distribution areas, which implies mapping and monitoring their wild populations. Therefore, it is was planned to systematize the knowledge about their habitat, phenology and distribution of 13 species of edible macrofungi of biological and socio-economic importance associated to the temperate forests of Oaxaca, by using GIS to generate a map of known spatial distribution of these species, starting from the information in literature and that that belong to several herbaria. The taxa collected in a wider range of environments were Cantharellus cibarius and Lycoperdon perlatum. Despite the bias generated by the spatial distribution of the analyzed collections, since they are gathered at specific regions, SIGs are a useful tool to determine the present distribution of fungic resources.

Palavras-chave : Temperate forests; ectomycorrhizal fungi; saprohyte mushrooms; macrofungi; fungal resources; GIS.

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