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Revista mexicana de ciencias pecuarias

On-line version ISSN 2448-6698Print version ISSN 2007-1124

Abstract

GARCIA FIGUEROA, Claudia  and  ARECHAVALETA-VELASCO, Miguel Enrique. Prevalence of honeybee tracheal mite disease and infestation levels of Acarapis woodi in honeybee colonies of Morelos, Mexico. Rev. mex. de cienc. pecuarias [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.3, pp.567-575. ISSN 2448-6698.  https://doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v9i3.4194.

Tracheal mite disease caused by Acarapis woodi is one of the most important diseases that affect honeybees. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of tracheal mite disease and the levels of infestation of A.woodi in honeybee colonies in the State of Morelos, where beekeeping is an important activity performed in different climate conditions and under different production systems. This study was conducted using 1,198 honeybee colonies, located in 233 apiaries distributed along the state. The colonies belong to 96 beekeeping productive units. The apiaries included in the study represent 21.5 % of the apiaries in the State and the beekeeping productive units represent the 13.7 % of the beekeeping units registered in Morelos. The results of the study indicate that the prevalence of the tracheal mite disease in Morelos is 0.02 and that 10.30 % of the apiaries included in the study had at least one colony infected with the disease. The average percent infestation in the positive colonies was 7.32 ± 0.75, with a minimum level of infestation of 5 % and a maximum level of 20 %. These results indicate that currently the prevalence of the tracheal mite disease in Morelos is relatively low and that the average level of infestation estimated is low; the results indicate also that the prevalence estimated in this study for this disease is lower than the reported 34 yr ago.

Keywords : Tracheal mites; Acarapis woodi; Honeybee; Prevalence.

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