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Revista mexicana de ciencias pecuarias

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6698versión impresa ISSN 2007-1124


SANCHEZ GUTIERREZ, Ricardo A.; ZEGBE DOMINGUEZ, Jorge A.  y  GUTIERREZ BANUELOS, Héctor. Typification of integrated family dairy systems in Zacatecas, Mexico. Rev. mex. de cienc. pecuarias [online]. 2015, vol.6, n.3, pp.349-359. ISSN 2448-6698.

The aim was to determine the social, economic, agricultural and livestock characteristics of the production units (PU) in Monte Escobedo, Zacatecas. Seventy three (73) surveys were applied to producers from May to July, 2011. Questionnaire were divided into social, economic, agriculture, feeding and reproduction, management and health, and soil area. Methodology development involved, weighting variables for each dimension, principal component analysis and positioning matrix. The first three principal components explained 73 % of total variation. Eighty two (82) percent of people in charge of PU are male, both sex are literate, income come from crop and livestock production, usually from corn grain, calf, fresh milk, and aged type cheese. The first group was characterized by high milk production, 78 L per day, and have high-tech equipment. Second group with productions of 74 L per day; however they do not have their own farm machinery. Third group had milk productions of 38 L per day, their machinery is proper, however perform conventional practices. The fourth group is characterized by performing conventional practices, but 100 % of the producers give added value to milk, producing aged cheese. Producers' characterization showed that production systems are extensive and its tendency is towards specialization to process aged cheese.

Palabras llave : Traditional systems; Livestock; Agriculture; Aged cheese.

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