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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934


MARCIAL ROMERO, Nila et al. Food vulnerability in rural households and its relationship with food policy in Mexico. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2019, vol.10, n.4, pp.935-945.  Epub 22-Mayo-2020. ISSN 2007-0934.

The objective of this essay was to identify food vulnerability starting from the origin of the concept of ‘food security’ and at the same time to describe Mexican food policy. The question that guided this work was: the situation of vulnerability to food that is lived in rural Mexican households is related to the food system of recent years?, under the context of households in rural communities with subsistence agricultural activities, poor soils in nutrients, with high migration rate, scarce or null sources of employment and with craft activities for the local market. Through a literature review it was identified that the term food security was coined for the first time in the 1970s, it has four dimensions availability is used in global and national scales, access at the household level, use in the individual and stability is the crossing of the previous ones. Among the findings mentioned that in 2010 about 49.9 million people suffering from food insecurity, the new rural dynamics made transformations in agricultural activities that became complementary, there was a loss of identity with the change of diets and the high consumption of external products, with an importation of at least 35% of domestic consumption in the country and that has caused serious health problems such as overweight. It is concluded that vulnerability is the exposure of rural households to food insecurity due to lack of resources to buy them and quality in the diet product of a global food system with local effects, in this sense the system must be rethought Mexican food with complex organizational structures and put emphasis on phenomena such as vulnerability due to its dynamism at the household level.

Palabras llave : food policy; food security; vulnerability and rural households.

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