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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934


MORENO GALLEGOS, Tomas et al. VCS-Diamante: cultivar of white sorghum for the state of Sinaloa. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.8, pp.1833-1838.  Epub 06-Oct-2020. ISSN 2007-0934.

The new VCS Diamante sorghum variety was developed in the Valley of Culiacan Experimental Field (CEVACU) of INIFAP and registered with the number SOG-282-231117 and breeder’s title number 1892, in the National Catalog of Plant Varieties (CNVV) of the SINCS from Mexico. This variety is adapted to sorghum-producing areas for the state of Sinaloa. VCS Diamante is a variety of intermediate vegetative cycle, cream or amber, is recommended for irrigation and temporary conditions. The average yield of the variety is 3 310 kg ha-1 of grain and 27 105 kg ha-1 of green forage, superior on average 15.4 and 25.47% respectively, to the performance of commercial hybrids, which are grown in the region under the same conditions in temporary. VCS-Diamante has, like commercial hybrids, acceptable bromatological quality in forage, with 6.21% protein and 78.66% digestibility. It is tolerant to diseases that occur in the region, such as: ergot (Claviceps africana), anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola), blight of the panicle (Fusarium moniliforme) and carbonaceous rot of the stem (Macrophomina phaseolina), it has tolerance to the yellow aphid sorghum (Melanaphis sacchari Zehntner). VCS-Diamante has a grain size of 4.61, 4.35 and 2.8 mm, length, width and thickness and a chemical composition of proteins, lipids, ashes and carbohydrates of 14.95, 3.93, 2.04 and 79.08%, respectively.

Palabras llave : Sorghum bicolor L.; forage; grain; resistance to diseases.

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