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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumo

RODRIGUEZ-HERNANDEZ, R.; GONGORA-GONZALEZ, S.; REYES-REYES, A. L.  e  SANCHEZ-VASQUEZ, V.. Analysis of competitiveness and profitability of biodiesel production from moringa grains in Chiapas and Yucatán, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.5, pp.1007-1021. ISSN 2007-0934.  https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v9i5.716.

The production of biofuels worldwide has grown exponentially in recent years, its development has been linked to the increase in the price of oil and the growing social awareness developed around the care of the environment. The world is currently betting on biodiesel as a partial alternative to fossil fuels given that it comes from renewable sources and significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. Technological advances broaden the range of raw materials for biofuels, some of which; how fast-growing grasses and trees can grow in less fertile and drought-prone regions and compete less with crops for the production of human and animal food such as corn, sugar cane, soybeans and rapeseed, such this is the case of Moringa oleifera, which is currently cultivated in practically all the tropical, subtropical and semi-arid regions of the world, since it can grow under conditions of water scarcity. The objective of this research was to economically evaluate the integral production of biodiesel with moringa grains considering two agroecological zones of raw material production, the Soconusco, Chiapas and Uxmal, Yucatan and their transformation to biodiesel through the process of industrial transesterification in a pilot plant. For the agricultural and industrial phases, profitability indicators were generated such as the internal rate of return (TIR), net present value (VAN) and equilibrium point (PE). The results indicated that the agricultural production is highly profitable due to the additional use of the leaves as co-product with TIR of 109 and 130% for the Soconusco, Chiapas and Uxmal, Yucatán, respectively, while the industrial phase, considering zero subsidies to the production of biodiesel was profitable with TIR of 53% in Uxmal, Yucatan and 37% in Soconusco, Chiapas.

Palavras-chave : Moringa oleifera; biodiesel; competitiveness; profitability of biofuels.

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