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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumen

SANTIAGO LOPEZ, Ulises; RAMIREZ MERAZ, Moisés  y  MENDEZ AGUILAR, Reinaldo. HAM14F: mulatto wide chili hybrid for the North-Central Mexico Highlands. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.4, pp.887-892. ISSN 2007-0934.  https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v9i4.1405.

The mulato wide chili is demanded mainly in dry or dehydrated state. In Mexico, as a basic ingredient of traditional dishes, it has great gastronomic, economic and social importance. In 2014, 1 878 ha of this type of chili were harvested nationally with a production of 3 869 t and an average yield of 2.1 t ha-1. Obtaining low yields in the producing areas, mainly in the North-Central High Plateau of Mexico, is due to the high use of unimproved or creole seed, which is estimated to be sowed 80% of the area dedicated to this crop. In order to mitigate the aforementioned problems, the hybrid mulato wide chili HAM14F was developed, which reaches a height of 80 to 95 cm and has good foliage coverage, 60 to 75 cm in diameter. It is considered early cycle because the flowering and maturation of the fruit occurs at 40 and 135 days after transplantation (ddt), respectively. It produces dark green fruits that turn dark brown with a strong brilliance in a mature state. This hybrid has an average open-air yield of 3.8 t ha-1, 21.1% higher than that of the AM-VR variety (3 t ha-1). For the aforementioned, HAM14F is considered a good alternative for the North-Central Plateau of Mexico.

Palabras llave : Capsicum annuum L.; vegetable; yield.

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