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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumo

RAMIREZ MERAZ, Moisés; ARCOS CAVAZOS, Gerardo  e  MENDEZ AGUILAR, Reinaldo. Jaguar: cultivate habanero pepper for Mexico. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.2, pp.487-492. ISSN 2007-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v9i2.1089.

The planting of habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) in Mexico is concentrated in around 80% in the Yucatan peninsula. Approximately 50% of the area dedicated to this vegetable is planted with creole materials, the rest with varieties of free pollination and a minimum area with hybrids of recent formation, developed by transnational companies, which encourages the flight of foreign currency that affects the economy of the country. For the aforementioned, the objective of this work was to obtain a variety of habanero pepper with high yield and fruit quality for the producing regions of Mexico, as a result, INIFAP developed the variety of habanero pepper Jaguar in 2009, which it begins its flowering and harvest of 70-85 and 115-120 days after sowing, respectively. It produces uniform fruits, of emerald green color that turn bright orange in total maturity, very attractive for market in both states of maturity. This variety reaches yields of around 15 t ha-1 in good weather conditions and 30 t ha-1 in the open air with medium to high technology. While under conditions of protected agriculture is up to 43 t ha-1.

Palavras-chave : Capsicum chinense Jacq.; vegetable; yield.

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