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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumo

AGUILAR ESTRADA, Alma Esther; CAAMAL CAUICH, Ignacio  e  PORTILLO VAZQUEZ, Marcos. Intensities of multidimensional poverty in Mexico at municipal level. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.1, pp.251-258. ISSN 2007-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v9i1.864.

The objective of this research was to develop a typology that would allow to distinguish intensities of multidimensional poverty among the poorest municipalities of Mexico, characterize them and locate them geospatially. A database was created with municipal statistics prepared by CONEVAL and INAFED. Of the 2 456 municipalities of the country, the 1 659 were selected whose average income is below the line of economic welfare. The matrix prepared in Excel was exported to Infostat, where multivariate statistical methods were used, particularly cluster analysis. Three conglomerates were obtained, which are represented with maps made with ArcGis. The typology obtained groups the municipalities that do not reach the well-being line in three levels of poverty intensity, whose specific characteristics and geospatial distribution are considered a useful reference when targeting programs to combat poverty.

Palavras-chave : conglomerates; multivariate analysis; rural development; targeting; welfare.

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