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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

Print version ISSN 2007-0934


REVELES-HERNANDEZ, Manuel; VELASQUEZ-VALLE, Rodolfo  and  CID-RIOS, José Ángel. Barretero: new variety of jaspeado garlic for Zacatecas. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2017, vol.8, n.6, pp.1455-1462. ISSN 2007-0934.

Zacatecas is the Mexican state leader in the garlic production, more than 50% of domestic production is obtained in this entity. The average yield of garlic in Zacatecas is higher than that of other producing areas in Mexico; however, the development of new garlic genotypes is required to meet new demands from producers and consumers. A new garlic variety called Barretero was developed from collections made in the municipality of Villa de Cos, Zacatecas, the process of mass and individual selection based on characteristics such as vigor, health, bulb morphology and yield was carried out for six years in order to obtain this variety. The bulbs of this variety have an average of 13 cloves with pink to purple lines, a consistent size and shape, its relative density is superior to that of the Calerense variety. Barretero plants are higher (61 cm) than those of Calerense (43 cm); however, although the number of leaves is smaller (9.7) compared to Calerense (17.8), it is compensated by larger leaves in Barretero (62.5 vs 48.9). Plants of this variety show an intermediate cycle of 220 days to harvest compared to white bulb varieties that have a 240 days cycle. The potential yield of this new variety is close to 26 t ha-1.

Keywords : Allium sativum L.; agronomic characteristics; chemical composition; mass and individual selection; yield.

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