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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

Print version ISSN 2007-0934

Abstract

CORTEZ EGREMY, Juan Gerardo et al. Native trees for design of silvopastoral technologies in the mountain range of Huautla, Morelos. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.spe16, pp.3371-3380. ISSN 2007-0934.

The deforestation is a practice that contributes to environmental degradation. In order to evaluate the forage potential of tree species of the mountain range of Huautla, Morelos, a survey was conducted to rescue traditional knowledge in the use of local trees and shrubs. The survey was applied to eighteen producers of common El Limón and Los Sauces of minicipio Tepalcingo, Morelos. Informants identified ten native tree species with forage potential: Guazuma ulmifolia, Acacia cochliacanta, Leucaena leucocephala, Leucaena macrophylla, Leucaena esculenta, Spondias mombin, Spondias purpurea, Erythrina americana, Pithecellobium dulce, and Gliricidia sepium. Guazuma ulmifolia, Acacia cochliacanta, Leucaena leucocephala, Leucaena macrophylla y Leucaena esculenta, which had high frequency in the survey of producers. The germination of seeds of Leucaena esculenta, Guazuma ulmifolia and Acacia cochliacantha, was higher than 60%. The protein content in the Leucaena macrophylla was higher by 18% and 30% protein content of Guazuma ulmifolia and Leucaena leucocephala. Agronomic information reported in literature and generated during the investigation, allow to recommend appropriate management of tree species by designing silvo pastoral technologies to improve forage production for livestock and to minimize the negative impacts of livestock on natural resources.

Keywords : fodder tree; multipurpose trees; tropical dry forest.

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