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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934


HERNANDEZ MELCHOR, Gloria Isela et al. Diagnosis of Mangrove reforestation process in the coast of Tabasco. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.spe14, pp.2883-2894. ISSN 2007-0934.

In Mexico mangrove area reduced to an annual rate of 2% for the Pacific region and 2.8% for the Gulf of Mexico. However, restoration processes are slower than the rate at which are lost. In Tabasco has been invested in mangrove reforestation programs through CONAFOR with results that are not according to goals set, which is alarming if considered that such activities are a priority to mitigate climate changes impacts. In this context, it is necessary to develop a compressive diagnosis that allows defining the causes that have prevented that these programs conclude with successful results; having as hypothesis that in planning and implementation of reforestation programs there is certain weakness that limits the recovery of mangrove deforested areas on the coast of Tabasco. The objective of this research was to evaluate the planning and execution of mangrove reforestation programs from two locations in Cárdenas, Tabasco. The methodology consisted of literature review, interviews with CONAFOR staff and beneficiaries from the program. In planning it was identified that the selection criteria are very general, and do not consider preliminary studies that allow to generate a diagnosis of areas requiring reforestation according to the affectation level. For implementation of the program the economic resources allocated are based on budget availability; so it does not count with a design that allows estimating the economic amount required for a successful reforestation. It is concluded that there are weaknesses in planning and implementation of the ProArbol program for reforestation, due to the lack of scientific criteria to determine the real degree of implementation of the site, and a lack of local community integration in both processes.

Palabras llave : deforestation; diagnosis; mangrove; reforestation; restoration.

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