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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumo

BARBOSA MORENO, Finlandia et al. Dynamics of rainwater in trees low deciduous forest. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.5, pp.1179-1188. ISSN 2007-0934.

The Low Deciduous Forest develops in semi-arid areas with water deficits and vegetative cover to the greatest extent at global and national level with 42% and 60% coverage, respectively. One of the areas that best represent this biosystem in Mexico is the Mixteca region. The tree cover of this forest, by the interception of raindrops canopy, impact runoff and water erosion. In order to know the effect of canopy interception of rain, cauline flow, flow sheet canopy and intercepted by foliage he was measured. These measurements were used to establish mathematical relationships using multiple linear regression, which allowed to calculate their magnitudes; through known values of sheet rain, event, and geometry of the canopy. Measurements were made during 2013 in 21 trees (9 species) predominate in Low Deciduous Forest, 350 rain events occurred in five representative sites in the Mixteca region. Trees on average recorded a flow of canopy 66.5%, 6.1% cauline flow and interception 27.5%. Field data identified the best models to evaluate the flow dynamics rainwater. Between observed was obtained and predicted values an R2 of 0.83 for the intercepted sheet flow of 0.96 to 0.67 for canopy and cauline flow. These relationships are useful to feed simulation models that estimate the hydrological balance of this ecosystem.

Palavras-chave : canopy flow; canopy interception; flow cauline; Mixteca region.

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