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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumo

GONZALEZ-ESTRADA, Adrián. Industrialization and trans-nationalization of Mexican agriculture. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.3, pp.693-707. ISSN 2007-0934.

Discussions related to the Mexican countryside are characterized by their diversity, polarization and propose different and even opposite agricultural policies. The objectives of this research were: a) to characterize the current stage of development of Mexican agriculture based on the results of empirical research; b) to obtain information about the degree of penetration of domestic and foreign capital in this economic activity; and c) define the characteristics that must have adequate agricultural policy to the nature of the current Mexican agriculture, its problems and, above all, its present and future challenges. The method was to study and quantify the existing forms of production in agriculture, as well as the transformations that have suffered as a result of trade liberalization and the increasing flow of capital. It was concluded that Mexican agriculture is predominantly capitalist, is in the initial part of phase II, intensive and industrialization phase, and has a high degree of transnationalization in production, in the production of machinery, raw materials and intermediate goods, financing, in the collection, commercialization and industrialization. Consequently, it requires a comprehensive agricultural policy, according to the needs of Mexican agriculture in phase II of development and respond successfully to the challenges posed by the development of the economy and society of Mexico; a policy that takes into account the needs of equity, climate change, sustainable development, sovereignty and independence.

Palavras-chave : agricultural development phases; extensive and intensive phase or stage of industrialization; forms of production.

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