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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumo

SOLIS BONILLA, José Luis; MUNOZ OROZCO, Abel; ESCALANTE ESTRADA, José Alberto Salvador  e  ZAMARRIPA COLMENERO, Alfredo. Growth of varieties and yield components of higuerilla (Ricinus communis L.) in Montecillo, State of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.2, pp.311-323. ISSN 2007-0934.

Several institutions have been directed to the search for new sources of energy from plants. One of these species is the higuerilla (Ricinus communis L.), oilseed plant that is widely distributed in Mexico. The aim of this work was to study the variability and customization of a group of varieties of higuerilla in Montecillo, State of Mexico, city of temperate climate. varieties were assessed by a selection index and major components. The genetic material consisted of 10 improved varieties of INIFAP originating in Chiapas and Michoacan and improved not collected at Montecillo. morphological, days to flowering, and variable clusters, fruits and seeds were evaluated. According to the selection indices and major components improved V2 (Riric 265-1), V3 (Riric67-6) V6 (Riric19) and V10 (Riric1) varieties were the best adaptation and characteristics which were highlighted more stem diameter, number of branches, number of leaves, length of the canopy, short stature and precocity. Improved it not excelled in length bunch and fruits per cluster. Selection indices were efficient to clarify the best varieties and agreed with the groups and conglomerates determined by major components. However, it presented severe frost, seed production which suggests the possibility of generating genetic material adapted to this altitudinal level was achieved.

Palavras-chave : Ricinus communis L.; adaptation; biofuels.

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