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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumo

ORTEGA MURRIETA, Pedro Francisco et al. Blanoro, new white chickpea variety with extra-large grain for exportation. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.1, pp.209-216. ISSN 2007-0934.

Northwest Mexico is the most important production region of white chickpea for exportation, which is produced during the fall-winter cycle. A new variety of white chickpea is described: Blanoro with a grain that is apt for exportation due to its size and color. Blanoro is derived from the triple crossbreed of: (L-4924 x ‘Blanco Lechoso’) x Blanco Sinaloa-92 done in the Campo Experimental Costa de Hermosillo in 1997. The L-4924 progenitor has a small brown grain and the other two progenitors have large white grains. The Blanoro plant is semi-erect with white flowers and a slightly brighter and larger grain than the Blanco Sinaloa-92 variety. Blanoro is resistant to the main races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Ciceris that are present in the northwest region. In an average of six years of evaluation throughout northwestern locations, Blanoro produced 192 kg ha-1 more than Blanco Sinaloa-92 (2 634 vs 2 442 kg ha-1), the prevailing variety on the market. Its resistance to illnesses, its semi-erect disposition suitable for direct mechanical harvesting and the size and color of the Blanoro grain will provide producers certain advantages in the productivity and competitive areas for exportation.

Palavras-chave : Cicer arietinum L.; direct harvest; fall-winter cycle; resistance to illnesses.

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