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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934


MESTRE-HARO, Eliseo Alfredo; ALMERAYA-QUINTERO, Silvia Xóchitl; GUAJARDO-HERNANDEZ, Lenin G.  e  SANGERMAN-JARQUIN, Dora María. 2010 migration intensity index vs. development variables in Mexico. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.1, pp.83-93. ISSN 2007-0934.

Migration is a phenomenon suffered by many countries, among which Mexico is not the exception. This is evident in the more vulnerable zones where inhabitants strive to improve their life conditions and to gain access to better goods and services. The aim of this investigation was to analyze the migration intensity index (MII), marginalization index (MI), human development index (HDI), and rurality index, with the objective of knowing the influence that marginalization has as a factor that prompts people to migrate and leave their municipalities; in this sense, the municipality was used as an observation unit. A cluster analysis was done using the indexes indicated above in 2 411 municipalities in Mexico, defining 15 groups with this tool. The results indicate that: a) 8% of the municipalities with a very high MII have 2.5% of homes with remittance; b) 9% of the municipalities with a low MII considered urban-metropolitan areas represent 60% of homes with remittance; and, c) 82 municipalities with a high MI considered dispersed rural communities have homes that receive remittance. It can be concluded that it is necessary to enforce public policies that allow for the establishment of programs where remittance is capitalized on for the more marginalized municipalities.

Palavras-chave : development; marginalization; migration.

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