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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumo

ALVARADO-RAYA, Horacio E.; AVITIA-GARCIA, Edilberto  e  CASTILLO-GONZALEZ, Ana María. Production of ‘Autumn Bliss’ raspberry with different cane densities in the Valley of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.1, pp.17-29. ISSN 2007-0934.

Interest for raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) cultivation has increased in Mexico, and there are niches with potential for its production for which technological packages must be generated. One of the systems used in raspberry production is the multi-annual plantation, and it is also important to define the cane density to maximize yield and fruit quality. This study was done in 2008 in the Valley of Mexico in order to determine the effect of the cane density on the yield, fruit quality and vegetative development of ‘Autumn Bliss’ red raspberry. The main objective was to define the cane density with the highest yield per area. Four treatments were analyzed in a hedge plantation for two years (10, 20, 30 and 40 canes m-2). Each treatment had four repetitions distributed under a design of random complete blocks. The cane density had no effect at the beginning of the harvest, observed on May 19, 2008, nor during the harvest period which lasted for 54 days. The treatment with 40 canes m-2 had yields of 199 kg m-2, which resulted in an estimated yield per hectare superior to the national measure. It is therefore concluded that for the Valley of Mexico, a density of 40 canes m-2 is advisable for multi-annual hedge plantations as they ensure the highest yields per surface without downgrading the fruit quality attributes or the vegetative growth of the cane.

Palavras-chave : Rubus idaeus; fruit quality; harvest period; phenology; yield components.

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