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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934

Resumen

PADILLA-BERNAL, Luz E.; REYES-RIVAS, Elivier; LARA-HERRERA, Alfredo  y  PEREZ-VEYNA, Óscar. Competitiveness, efficiency and environmental impact of the production of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) on Zacatecas, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2012, vol.3, n.6, pp.1187-1201. ISSN 2007-0934.

In the early nineties in Mexico began a series of programs to assist the competitiveness of rural producers face the withdrawal of state support for production, trade and services sector as well as their incorporation in the process of trade liberalization. Zacatecas is the largest producer of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) national. Most of the production is rainfed. Low rainfall, low efficiency in agricultural irrigation and overexploitation of aquifers causes environmental damage. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the agricultural policy in bean production systems in the state of Zacatecas through the determination of competitive production technologies and efficient, considering the market failures related to the environment. Were determined the indicators of competitiveness and efficiency through the implementation of the extended policy analysis matrix (EPAM). The research was conducted with data from spring-summer cycle 2009. The framework of analysis was the rural district of development in Zacatecas, Fresnillo, Río Grande and Ojocaliente. With the exception of TCS technologies from the RDD Zacatecas, Ojocaliente, BCF and TCS, all production systems shown to be competitive in the current situation. Cultivated production systems with competing technologies also showed to be efficient, except TCSL Fresnillo and Ojocaliente BMF. The adoption of sustainable practices will reduce the deterioration in competitiveness and efficiency of production systems.

Palabras llave : Phaseolus vulgaris L.; analysis matrix of expanded policy; production systems.

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