Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas
Print version ISSN 2007-0934
HERNANDEZ ESPINAL, Luis Alberto; MORENO GALLEGOS, Tomás; REYES JIMENEZ, Juan Esteban and LOAIZA MEZA, Alfredo. Costeño-201: a new variety of rianfed sorghum of dual purpose in Sinaloa. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2011, vol.2, n.5, pp. 785-790. ISSN 2007-0934.
The new sorghum variety Costeño-201 was developed in the Experimental Field Culiacan (CEVACU) of the National Research Institute for Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock (INIFAP), with the registration number SOG-200389-182 in the Catalog of Feasible Certification Varieties (CVC) of Mexico. This variety is adapted to the sorghum-producing areas of Sinaloa State. Costeño-201, is a cream-grain variety and is recommended for irrigated and rainfed conditions. The average yield of the variety is 3 292 kg ha-1 grain and 25 517 kg ha-1 of green fodder, it outperforms on average of 8.8% and 12.4% respectively to commercial hybrids from private companies, which are grown in the region under the same conditions. Costeño-201 has better bromatological quality than commercial hybrids regarding to forage, with 9.5% protein and 64% digestibility, on average it exceeds in 2.7% and 5% respectively to commercial hybrids. It is tolerant to diseases that occur in the region, such as: ergot (Claviceps african), anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola), panicle blight (Fusarium moniliforme) and charcoal stalk rot (Macrophomina phaseolina). Forage of sorghum Costeño-201, is recommended as a dual-purpose material in fodder conservation practices such as hay and silage.
Keywords : adaptation; disease resistance; forage; grain; sorghum.