Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas
Print version ISSN 2007-0934
HERNANDEZ ESPINAL, Luis Alberto; MORENO GALLEGOS, Tomás; REYES JIMENEZ, Juan Esteban and LOAIZA MEZA, Alfredo. Perla-101: new sorghum cultivar for the state of Sinaloa. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2011, vol.2, n.5, pp. 779-784. ISSN 2007-0934.
The new variety of sorghum Perla-101 was developed in the Valle de Culiacan Experimental Field (CEVACU), of the National Research Institute for Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock (INIFAP) and registered with the number: 1355-SOG-466-121200/C in the Catalogue of Varieties Feasible of Certification (CVC) of Mexico; this variety is adapted to the sorghum-producing areas of the State of Sinaloa. Perla-101, is a creamy-grain variety and is recommended for irrigated and rainfed conditions; its average yield is 3 470 kg ha-1 of grain and 22 500 kg ha-1 of green fodder, it exceeds on average in 14% and 10% respectively, the yield of commercial hybrids from private companies that are grown in the region under the same conditions. Perla-101, has better bromatological quality than the commercial hybrids in forage, with 9.7% of protein and 66% of digestibility, it exceeds on average of 3.2% and 8% respectively to commercial hybrids. It is tolerant to diseases that occur in the region, such as: ergot (Claviceps african), anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola), panicle blight (Fusarium moniliforme) and charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina).
Keywords : adaptation; disease resistance; forage; grain; sorghum.