Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas
versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934
RUBIO-COVARRUBIAS, Oswaldo Ángel; ALMEYDA-LEON, Isidro Humberto; CADENA-HINOJOSA, Mateo Armando y LOBATO-SANCHEZ, René. Relation between Bactericera cockerelli and presence of Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous in commercial fields of potato. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2011, vol.2, n.1, pp. 17-28. ISSN 2007-0934.
The abnormal sprouting of tubers (without sprouts or with threadlike sprouts) and the internal browning of the potatoes are symptoms of a disease which is affecting the potato production in Mexico, in southwestern United States and Central America. This disease has been associated with the psyllid of the potato Bactericera cockerelli Sulc. With the purpose of clarifying the causes of this disease, samples were taken in 11 commercial batches of potato in an altitudinal transect between 2 600 and 3 500 m the potato producing area of Toluca in 2007. The population of B. cockerelli was determined using weekly samples of the adult insects caught in sticky yellow traps. At the end of the crop's growth period, the tubers produced in each batch were sampled and stored for six months. After this time, the percentage of tubers with abnormal sprouts was established and analyses were carried out with PCR to determine the presence of Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous and of phytoplasm in the tubers. The results indicate that the population of B. cockerelli and of the symptoms of the potato purple-tip decreased with height. In heights above 3 200 masl, no significant problems related to the disease showed up. Of the potatoes with fine sprouts, 36% displayed internal browning and 58% of the tubers without sprouts displayed the same symptom; 54% of tubers with abnormal sprouting were positive for Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous and only 3.5% presented phytoplasm. These results indicate that Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurousis related to the potato purple-tip symptoms in the Toluca area.
Palabras llave : Solanum tuberosum; internal stained of the tubers; potato psilid.