Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas
versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934
HERBERT RUIZ, Marlene; MORA FLORES, José Saturnino; MARTINEZ DAMIAN, Miguel Ángel e GARCIA MATA, Roberto. Economic impact of the Federal Plant Health Law on the mexican market for persian lemon. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.3, pp. 321-333. ISSN 2007-0934.
Commercial globalization demands that the world markets of food and agriculture products carry out innocuity practices in their products free of chemical, biological and physical pollutants. In this context, on July 26th., 2007, Mexico modified its Federal Plant Health Law, which now aims the aplication, verification and certification of the pollution risk reduction systems in the production and packaging of vegetables. The aim of this investigation was to analyze the economic impact that the immediate application of this law has on the supply of Mexican Persian lemons, and consequently, on the income of the farmers of the fruit in 2007. For this purpose, a field study (surveys) was carried out in the municipality of Martínez de la Torre, Veracruz, the most important nationwide area nationwide in terms of lemon production. Likewise, a probit model was created to establish the main factors that determine the adoption of good agricultural practices, with yield as the one with the greatest side effect (2.08%). A scenario was set up in which, faced with a 10% average yield increase (ceteris paribus), a change was obtained of 342 people willing to adopt the good agricultural practices; consequently, the supply of Persian lemon would increase by 3.98%. This shows that if the production of Persian lemon comes with policies that increase the productivity, good agricultural practices, and hence the export of the product will increase.
Palavras-chave : Citrus latifolia; food innocuity; good agricultural practices; market.