Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas
Print version ISSN 2007-0934
AYALA GARAY, Alma Velia et al. Strengthening the competitivenes of the agricultural sector in Hidalgo. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.2, pp. 233-245. ISSN 2007-0934.
Agricultural production in the state of Hidalgo has many characteristics: fragmented ownership, monoculture, agricultural products with low added value and minimal integration at different levels to primary production, low productivity, low prices and high costs unit production, as well as low income. This aim of this study was to analyze the competitiveness of the agricultural sector in the state of Hidalgo, in order to propose alternatives to improve its position in 2008-2009. The high unit production costs are related to low yields that producers have had in recent years. If the state only supports the existence of programs such as the direct countryside support program, production becomes profitable. Innovation (research, technical assistance and adoption), becomes the foundation of productivity and competitiveness of companies and countries without losing sight of the fact that economic integration processes, would change the national and regional innovation Systems. This research concluded that the costs of inputs and means of production such as seed, fertilizer, machinery rental, labor and the opportunity cost of investment and land rent, as well as the lack of production records by farmers; are the reason there is no real knowledge of costs and the net incomes of these.
Keywords : monoculture; productivity; technical consultancy.