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Nova scientia

versión On-line ISSN 2007-0705

Resumen

CASTANEDA ANTONIO, Ma. Dolores et al. Detection of polysaccharides in Ganoderma lucidum extracts. Nova scientia [online]. 2018, vol.10, n.21, pp.247-257. ISSN 2007-0705.  https://doi.org/doi.org/10.21640/ns.v10i21.1538.

Introduction

Ganoderma lucidum is one of the most worldwide known medicinal mushrooms. However, this species of mexican mushroom has notable differences compared to its similar one since it has not been studied enough so it is important to determine its characteristics once it has been cultivated and its extracts have obtained in a standardized form.

Method

The polysaccharides of the extracts of Ganoderma lucidum strain CP-145 were measured by the quantum magnetic resonance analyzer MARSIII of Bruce Copen (MARSIII), a proposed technique to estimate values of compounds in the agricultural area, these results were compared with two standardized techniques: Fehling method of sugar reducers and Gas Chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS), the extracts to be measured were obtained from the traditional culture of basidiocarps (control) and extract of basidiocarps added with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA).

Results

The results for the MARSIII quantum magnetic analyzer were 4.967 ± 1.016 and 8.110 ± 1.416% in control extract and extract added respectively, by the Fehling´s method 8.784 ± 2.019% and 41.326 ± 1.430% in control extract and extract added respectively, for CG- MS 7.050 ± 1.527 and 18.456 ± 2.937% in control extract and extract added respectively.

Discussion and Conclusion

Significant differences were found on the Fehling´s techniques and on the GC-MS for both extracts, but not in the MARSIII analyzer detection, which indicates that it is not an adequate method to detect variations in the concentrations of polysaccharides in this type of extracts.

Palabras llave : M.A.R.S.III.; chromatography; Fehling´s method; extracts; acetylsalicylic acid.

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