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Nova scientia

On-line version ISSN 2007-0705


CRUZ LOPEZ, Vianii et al. Nature appropriation mode in amaranth and corn production peasant units in Tochimilco, Puebla, Mexico. Nova scientia [online]. 2018, vol.10, n.20, pp.727-753. ISSN 2007-0705.

In order to satisfy his needs, the man has to appropriate the nature. Of the two opposing modes of appropriation, the peasant and the agroindustrial, the least degrading is the first, in addition to being the most important because the volume of food produced, work generated and ecological advantages. Due the relevance of this appropriation mode, the objective was to show the ecological, social and economic relevance of the peasant appropriation mode, and the characteristics that propitiate the agroindustrial trend. The study was carried out in the communities of San Lucas Tulcingo and La Magdalena Yancuitlalpan of Tochimilco municipality in Puebla, Mexico, selected by the landscapes pattern (altitude gradients) the area with amaranth and corn seeded and the type of technology. The Peasant Production Unit (PPU) was analyzed, which is based on the sowing of amaranth and corn. The research techniques were the survey and the direct observation. A stratified random sampling was performed, resulting in a sample of 74 producers. A Peasantry Index (CI) was constructed based on nine attributes. A logistic regression was applied by the Wald method (forward) to determine the indicators with the greatest influence on the Peasantry Index (CI). The results of the nine attributes show that the two localities are classified in the mode of peasant appropriation. San Lucas Tulcingo presented greater use of fossil energy by the use of agricultural machinery, while in La Magdalena Yancuitlalpan the peasant mode employs more family labor. Both, the energy source and the labor force, showed association with the peasantry index according to the variable selection procedure, the forward Wald method. It is concluded that the PPU of San Lucas Tulcingo presented a Peasantry Index of 0.327 (tending to the agroindustrial), and those of La Magdalena Yancuitlalpan of 0.298, but both conserved their mode of peasant appropriation. The difference is in the main source of energy used; fossil energy and family work energy, respectively.

Keywords : transformation ways; socio-ecological exchanges; family farming; traditional crops.

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