Migración y desarrollo
versión impresa ISSN 1870-7599
AQUINO MORESCHI, Alejandra. Entre el <<sueño zapatista>> y el <<sueño americano>>: la migración a Estados Unidos vista desde las comunidades zapatistas. Migr. desarro [online]. 2009, n.13, pp.79-95. ISSN 1870-7599.
Chiapaneco migration to the United States is a recent and increasingly large phenomenon that is transforming local dynamics across the state, even in Zapatista municipalities where emigration had been delayed during times of struggle and perceived dialogue opportunities. Today, migration is wearing down the movement and creating a new set of subjectivities. This paper reconstructs the migration phenomenon in a Zapatista community of the Lacandon Jungle and, in doing so, intends to show the ways in which it leads to a communal conflict involving two different types of subjectivities as different actors argue over the meaning of migration and how to manage it. I will also show how, in the midst of great tension, Zapatista communities go through a stage of defensive retreat when faced by this new process.
Palabras llave : international migration; migration management; Zapatismo; Chiapas; conflict.