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Huitzil

On-line version ISSN 1870-7459

Abstract

PABLO-CEA, José D.; FUNES, Guillermo  and  CHINCHILLA-RODRIGUEZ, Abizai C.. Birds of the University of El Salvador. Huitzil [online]. 2019, vol.20, n.1, e491. ISSN 1870-7459.  http://dx.doi.org/10.28947/hrmo.2019.20.1.388.

The urbanization process has accelerated in the last century and is estimated to grow by 1.1% each year, causing urban centers to become increasingly more common. Urban green areas are important, because they provide needed shelter and food for birds allowing them to survive and adapt to urbanized landscapes. In the city of San Salvador, the campus of the University of El Salvador includes an area with numerous trees and shrubs. The objective of this research was to update the knowledge of the avifauna that feeds, rests, and nests in this area. From February 2017 to January 2018 we conducted a monthly survey of the birds on the campus. Additionally, we reviewed the literature and inspected available collections to create a historical and updated the inventory of the birds on the campus. We registered 64 species, of which 14 constitute new records for the site. The greatest number of observations was of Brotogeris jugularis,Zenaida asiatica and Quiscalus mexicanus. The total richness of the University of El Salvador increased to 100 species. We also highlight the presence of three locally threatened species; Eupsittula canicularis, Psittacara strenuous and B. jugularis andAmazona auropalliata a globally endangered species.

Keywords : Avifauna inventory; city; nesting; San Salvador; urban areas.

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