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On-line version ISSN 2007-9869Print version ISSN 1870-6622


MORENO OKUNO, Alejandro Tatsuo  and  MASAKI, Emiko. Alcohol myopia and choice. EconoQuantum [online]. 2013, vol.10, n.2, pp.37-54. ISSN 2007-9869.

The aim of this paper is to develop a model that explains how the consumption of some addictive substances affects individuals' choices and especially how it affects individuals' risk taking. We do this by assuming that some addictives substances, specifically alcohol, increase individuals' discount of the future. As individuals that consume alcohol show greater preference for the present and less for the future, they would find choices with rewards in the present and costs in the future more attractive. Therefore, an individual that wouldn't have accepted an option may do so after consuming alcohol and he/she may regret his/her decision after the alcohol in his/her blood is eliminated. We analyze the effect of two taxes in the welfare of individuals that face an attractive but harmful choice: a tax on the consumption of alcohol and a tax (or penalty) if the future costs of the choice are realized.

Keywords : Habit-formation; risk taking; alcohol consumption.

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