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Región y sociedad

On-line version ISSN 2448-4849Print version ISSN 1870-3925


AGUILAR VASQUEZ, Yunin; CASO BARRERA, Laura  and  ALIPHAT FERNANDEZ, Mario. Núntaha’yi Traditional Agroecosystems in the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve, Veracruz, Mexico. Región y sociedad [online]. 2019, vol.31, e1147. ISSN 2448-4849.

The aim of this paper is to analyze the functioning of the Núntaha’yi agroecosystems in Ocozotepec, Vera cruz, as well as the effect that the regulations imposed by the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve have on them. The infield-outfield theoretical framework, direct ob servation, interviews, workshops and field trips were used for the analysis. The results show that limitations in the change of acahual vegetation and restrictions of use of the core zone have intensified the agroecosys tems closest to the community (infield), and restricted the use of the territory in remote places and of diffi cult access (outfield). This causes that the landscape becomes homogeneous, unproductive and that the slash-and-burn system becomes unsustainable. The conclusion is that peasant and indigenous communi ty management should be evaluated as a strategy to achieve sustainability, biodiversity conservation and long-term human support.

Keywords : agroecosystems; Núntaha’yi; infield-out field; protected natural areas; production systems; in terviews; Ocozotepec (Mexico); Los Tuxtlas.

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