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Región y sociedad

versión impresa ISSN 1870-3925

Resumen

MORALES RAMIREZ, Dionicio  y  ROUX, Ruth. Expected effects of shale gas extraction in northeastern Mexico: a qualitative approach. Región y sociedad [online]. 2018, vol.30, n.72, 00010. ISSN 1870-3925.  https://doi.org/10.22198/rys.2018.72.a378.

This article identifies and assesses the expected effects of shale gas extraction in Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon and Coahuila in the face of the imminent arrival of new companies to Burgos Basin in northeastern Mexico. Using the integrated relevant criteria methodology, data of key informants from the academic, governmental and business sectors in the three states were collected. According to the results, 65 percent of the variables used for assessing these effects, as a consequence of the development of industry in the region, are associated with positive changes, 15 percent with negative changes and 20 percent remain unchanged. Expected benefits from shale gas/oil exploitation were overestimated; moreover, there is concern about the availability of water, given the geographical and climatological conditions of the region. Although the methodology used does not specify it must be applied to an optimal number of actors, it is to be admitted that the analysis could be significantly improved the greater the number of participants is. The main contribution to the field of assessment of social repercussions is that of having adapted this methodology because of the existing scarce literature on the subject.

Palabras llave : impact assessment; public opinion; hydraulic fracturing; gas supply; integrated relevant criteria; northeast Mexico.

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