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Región y sociedad

versão impressa ISSN 1870-3925

Resumo

LECHUGA JARDINEZ, Yuliana; GARCIA SALAZAR, José Alberto; PORTILLO VAZQUEZ, Marcos  e  GARCIA SANCHEZ, Roberto Carlos. Efectos del TLCAN sobre el empleo de mano de obra en el sector agrícola de México, 1994-2010. Región y sociedad [online]. 2014, vol.26, n.60, pp.5-28. ISSN 1870-3925.

The North American Free Trade Agreement was implemented in 1994 as a solution to unemployment in rural Mexico. However, the country's rural areas continue to face the same problem today. To determine its impact on employment in Mexico's agricultural sector, the sources of the workforce employment growth from 1994 to 2010 were calculated. Results indicate that the change in production structure was unfavorable to employment in general, although domestic agricultural employment grew by 10 million workdays due to an increase in harvested areas and workforce requirements. In Sinaloa, the change in production structure and increased mechanization negatively affected employment, as opposed to in other states such as Estado de Mexico and Chiapas, where the effect was positive.

Palavras-chave : surface effect; composition effect; mechanization effect; unemployment; employment; agricultural sector.

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