Región y sociedad
versión impresa ISSN 1870-3925
DIAZ LOPEZ, Guillermo Alfredo. Análisis de un sistema de innovación regional: una aproximación para el caso de la Región de Los Lagos, Chile. Región y sociedad [online]. 2011, vol.23, n.50, pp.249-278. ISSN 1870-3925.
Over the past few years, various studies have shown that science, technology and innovation have emerged as development factors for countries and territories. In this context, the encouragement of interactive processes and learning which leads to innovation development; the private sector's incorporation of innovative practices in production processes; the public sector's provision of institutional and political support; and the importance of geographical proximity when promoting technological and innovative processes in a given country and region are all important aspects. This article analyses these factors and how they operate in the Los Lagos Region of Chile, including the participation of regional actors such as representatives from the private, public and technological sectors. Research results show that innovative practices are lacking in the region under study, in spite of institutional and political support. The study also reveals that the various actors do not perceive geographical proximity as a central means for developing innovations. Some recommendations are included in the conclusions with regard to future research and the implementation of public policies oriented towards technological and innovative development on a regional level.
Palabras llave : territory; innovation; knowledge; regional innovation system.