Región y sociedad
versión impresa ISSN 1870-3925
VILLARREAL GUEVARA, María Guadalupe et al. Rendimiento académico de alumnos de secundaria beneficiarios del Programa Oportunidades en comunidades rurales y semiurbanas de Chiapas y Nuevo León. Región y sociedad [online]. 2009, vol.21, n.45, pp. 127-164. ISSN 1870-3925.
An educational achievement study was carried out with students receiving scholarships from the Programa de Desarrollo Humano Oportunidades [Oportunidades Human Development Program], based on learning structure and the differences among 1 225 ninth grade students from thirty schools in Nuevo Leon and Chiapas. On April 29th, 2005, the Examen Nacional de Ingreso a la Educación Media Superior [National Entrance Exam for High School Education] was applied by the Centro Nacional de Evaluación para la Educación Superior [National Center for the Evaluation of Higher Education], as well as a socioeconomic data survey. Descriptive and inferential analyses were done, considering independent variables related to aptitude, instruction and environment, according to a model from Walberg (1993), as well as factors related to educational supply and demand, which proved important in the present study. Results show that learning is unevenly distributed among the different analyzed clusters. The equal distribution of quality of education can be achieved only by modifying aspects associated with both educational supply and demand.
Palabras llave : Oportunidades program; learning; educational inequality; rural and semi-urban communities; educational supply and demand; and quality of education.